Title IX

As originally defined...

No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.

- U.S. Department of Education,
Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972


Title IX is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based upon sex in any educational setting that receives federal funding. These settings include K-12 and higher education public, private, and charter schools throughout the United States.

Since its passage more than 50 years ago, Title IX has vastly expanded the educational and extracurricular opportunities afforded to women and girls. It has increased their participation in sports at every level of competition and expanded the job market for their talents.

Title IX is now being to meet this moment in history.

Title IX has been expanded since the 1970s to include a number of anti-discrimination policies, such as protections against sexual harassment and gender stereotyping.

This expansion now puts Title IX at the center of heated conversations around gender identity and sexual orientation in school curricula, as well as policies related to trans athletes. 

From sports fields to classrooms to online learning spaces, Title IX protections are being redefined...and hotly debated nationwide. 


The authors of this website – all Senior Communication students at Cabrini University – explore the historic promises of Title IX in light of today’s increasingly polarizing realities.

They take a solutions-focused approach to examining the shortcomings of the law’s application and report on responses that are working to uphold - and redefine - this landmark piece of legislation.

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